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【智慧長沙】關鍵核心技術是怎樣煉成的?①丨長沙如何造出了我國第一條金屬基壓敏芯片量產線?

2020-09-14 22:09   來源:智慧長沙   作者:曾立琛 劉 哲   點擊:

編者按

《習近平談治國理政》第三卷《努力成為世界主要科學中心和創新高地》一文指出,“關鍵核心技術是要不來、買不來、討不來的。只有把關鍵核心技術掌握在自己手中,才能從根本上保障國家經濟安全、國防安全和其他安全?!苯衲?月21日以來,習近平總書記先后主持召開企業家座談會、經濟社會領域專家座談會、科學家座談會,都提到了“關鍵核心技術”的攻關突破。

關鍵核心技術是企業發展的關鍵要素,掌握了關鍵核心技術,今天的“小巨人”,就可能發展為明天的“綠巨人”。從這一期開始,《總編輯調查》推出系列調查“關鍵核心技術是怎樣煉成的?”,聚焦長沙“三智一芯”(智能制造)領域的行業隱形冠軍、小巨人企業和獨角獸企業,探訪企業家們帶領團隊攻堅克難、打造關鍵核心技術、打破國外壟斷的心路歷程。今天推出第一期《長沙如何造出了我國第一條金屬基壓敏芯片量產線?》。

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圖為《核心技術是怎樣煉成的》節目錄制現場

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司董事長王國秋

王國秋,湖南岳陽人,1983年畢業于湖南師范大學數學系;1988年畢業于國防科技大學系統工程系,獲工學碩士學位,現任湖南師范大學數學與計算機科學學院教授,同時又是一位致力于將高端芯片產業化的企業家。從2006年創辦湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司,到2019年建成我國唯一一條金屬基壓敏芯片量產線,王國秋用十多年的苦心鉆研,徹底改變了我國長期以來對高端壓敏芯片的進口依賴。

小“紐扣” 大夢想

從長沙往東沿杭長高速行車四十多公里就到了國家級工業園區——瀏陽經開區(高新區),王國秋教授創辦的湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司就位于這里。在這個工業企業密布的園區里,“啟泰傳感物聯網產業園”的招牌沉穩、低調。幾棟清灰色的、外形普通的建筑就是產業園的辦公樓和廠房,園區內幾乎看不到幾個員工,感覺格外神清氣爽。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司外景

擁有大學教授和企業家的雙重身份,但是王國秋更喜歡大家在公司叫他王總,因為在他看來,教授的主要任務是“生產”知識,企業家則是負責把知識轉化為生產力。在王總的帶領下,記者走進工廠大樓,才發現里面別有洞天。從一樓10多個無人值守的輔助設施間,到二樓2000平方米的“超凈車間”,再到三樓的封裝、測試車間,公司生產線絕大部分流程都是自動化。這家年產值超過5億元的高科技企業,目前所有員工加起來不到70人。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司生產車間

在三樓車間,記者看到了一顆顆正待封裝的金屬小“紐扣”。王總介紹說,如果放在100倍的顯微鏡下,就能看到其中布滿著密密麻麻的、極其復雜的電路。與大家常見的四方形黑色芯片不同,這種特殊的紐扣型芯片叫做金屬基壓敏芯片,它的作用是完成力信號采集,是信息產業第一關,信號獲取這一塊叫傳感器敏感芯片。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司生產的金屬基壓敏芯片

那么,原本是大學教授的王國秋為什么轉型到了傳感器芯片的研發制造領域呢?

時間還得回溯到2000年。在數學和計算機專業領域頗有研究的王國秋發現,我國在集成電路和微機電系統(MEMS)這塊的基礎非常薄弱,起碼落后于美國、日本、德國等發達國家至少30年。而當時國內在制造業上比較流行代工,但是核心技術是代工代不來的。王國秋敏銳地意識到,如果我們沒有掌握自主的核心技術,不僅僅是制造業,其他很多行業都會因為“卡脖子”的關鍵技術問題而受制于人。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司內景

也正是在2000年,國家出臺了一系列政策扶持集成電路產業發展。時不我待,王國秋及時抓住這個難得的機遇,創立了一家叫“中芯”的數字技術公司。2003年,公司研制出我國第一片具有完全原創自主知識產權的數字圖像與視頻壓縮編碼解碼芯片,為解決當時DVD解碼芯片進口的高昂專利費作出了貢獻。

2006年,在芯片研究領域頗具前瞻眼光的王國秋又瞄準了工業應用領域的金屬基壓敏芯片,投資200萬元成立了湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司生產車間

十年磨一劍,歷經十多年的苦心鉆研,2019年,啟泰公司建成了我國唯一一條金屬基壓敏芯片量產線,徹底改變了我國長期以來對高端金屬基壓敏芯片的進口依賴。

名詞解釋:壓敏芯片

一顆直徑不過五六毫米的“紐扣式”壓敏芯片,可以非常精確地把壓力數據轉換為電子信號,傳送到接收處理終端,可廣泛應用于工程機械、軌道交通、汽車、消防、智慧城市、石油化工等領域。以挖掘機為例,根據型號大小不同,每臺挖機需要三顆到十幾顆液壓傳感器不等,每顆液壓傳感器都需要一顆壓敏芯片。長期以來,這類核心技術和高端傳感器市場基本上被美國、日本以及歐洲等國企業占據。

王國秋告訴記者,“中芯”實際上就是指“中國芯”,而“啟泰”的英文是CHNTEK,就是“中國技術”的英文簡寫,中文諧音“啟泰”。

無論是“中芯”,還是“啟泰”,一顆小小的芯片,凝聚的是王國秋濃濃的家國情懷,是一位學者型企業家執著于“中國芯”的偉大夢想。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司辦公樓內景

一百次想要放棄的“芯片夢”

每一個耀眼的成功背后,都會有一段不為人知的艱辛。2019年,王國秋的成功讓長期以來我國金屬基壓敏芯片遭受壟斷的堅冰開始消融,但成功的背后卻有著太多的酸楚。

面對各種困境,王國秋坦言,自己也有過幾近崩潰的時刻,但內心里從未真正想過放棄,甚至當年還喊出了“不管企業是否實現盈利,也一定要研發出不依賴進口的中國芯,在產品價格與質量上與國外競爭”的目標。憑借著滿腔熱誠和湖南人“吃得苦、霸得蠻、耐得煩”的秉性,王國秋最終堅持了下來。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司生產車間

王國秋告訴記者,公司最早期的資金全是靠他個人出資,當年的他也沒有其他額外收入,也就是拿做教授的工資、拿自己的講課費來支撐實驗。當然也得到了很多社會上的支持,比如說國防科技大學、原韶光微電子總廠等等,都曾經分文未收支持他做有關實驗。

在王國秋的記憶里,研發過程中遇到的困難實在是數不勝數。比如說,大多數芯片都是基于硅來做電路,但是像他們研發的壓敏芯片是基于金屬基底來做電路,那么成熟的所謂硅工藝就無法在這個芯片上應用了,導致在做這種芯片的時候,從材料、設備、設計、制程、測試、封裝,這一條產業鏈上的所有事情都要公司從頭摸索。王國秋說,從2006年開始做這種紐扣式壓敏芯片,整整15年,做廢的材料都是以籮筐計,具體有多少籮筐,他都記不清楚了。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司生產車間

啟泰做的是整個芯片生產的全產業鏈,只要鏈上有一個環節出現失誤就會導致滿盤皆輸,可是王國秋為什么還要挑金屬基壓敏芯片這樣一塊超級難啃的骨頭去硬啃呢?

王國秋笑言,無知者無畏。最開始做這一塊壓根就沒想到難度有這么大,只是做到后來越做越難,過了一關又一關 ,一關更比一關難。

買材料、買設備、做實驗,王國秋個人投資的200萬元很快就沒了,還欠下了一堆債,甚至過年的時候都有人上門討債。慶幸的是,2013年,經過整整7年的技術攻關,金屬基壓敏芯片關鍵技術的“堡壘”終于被攻克。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司生產線

王國秋告訴記者,最艱難的時候,真的想過一百次要放棄,但是過兩天又撿起來了。因為實在是割舍不下,這輩子似乎已經注定了與這小小芯片有著難解的情緣了。他一直堅信,再多的溝溝坎坎,勇敢地跨過去了,就會到達夢想的彼岸。

目前,啟泰公司的核心技術完全自主可控,生產工藝和產線100%自主研發,基材、靶材和光刻膠等關鍵輔材已完全國產化,光刻機、濺射臺、探針臺等主要設備實現國產定制。一句話,在金屬基壓敏芯片領域,國外再也卡不住中國的脖子了。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司生產線

研制壓敏芯片,不僅僅要克服難以計數的技術困難,王國秋還要面對各種賺“快錢”的巨大誘惑。2006年,很多人熱衷于做金融、互聯網、股票、地產等這些所謂來錢快的行當,王國秋是學數學和計算機專業的專家、教授,如果涉足這些行業肯定也有賺得盆滿缽滿的大把機會。但是王國秋一門心思撲在壓敏芯片的研制上,股票沒開過戶,也沒有投資一套房子。在他看來,核心技術總要有那么一部分人來做研發、來做攻堅克難。

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圖為《核心技術是怎樣煉成的》節目錄制現場

王國秋說,這可能與他的部隊情結密不可分。在軍隊院校工作時,他親眼目睹一大批頂尖的專家教授安于清貧,堅持做核心技術研發,盡管覺得當時產業化的希望不大,但是出于對自主創新的責任和擔當,他們一直在堅持,正是這批科研專家的執著深深感染、激勵著他,在芯片自主研制的道路上義無反顧地走下去。

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圖為湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司董事長王國秋

啟泰來了最?!巴其N員”

7月21日,湖南省委書記杜家毫來到啟泰公司調研,他一邊看一邊不時地叮囑王國秋,要始終堅持創新引領,著力攻克一批核心技術、關鍵材料,不斷提升產品質量和企業核心競爭力,更好地滿足市場需求。要依托湖南工程機械、汽車等產業的龍頭企業,積極推動產業鏈上下游合作,在提升國產化水平的同時,幫助企業更好地開拓市場。

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圖為湖南省委書記杜家毫在湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司考察

王國秋自豪地說,杜家毫書記還親自給啟泰當起了推銷員。

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圖為王國秋向湖南省委書記杜家毫展示消防水壓傳感器

記者從長沙市工信局了解到,長沙工程機械產業規模全國第一,但是液壓傳感器等關鍵零部件還長期依賴進口。一臺工程機械設備價格不菲,從十幾萬到數百萬不等。但是,再龐大的身軀也離不開小小液壓傳感器的精密傳導。湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司自主研發的液壓傳感器裝配線目前已經開始量產,有望完全解決長沙乃至全國工程機械產業的液壓傳感器配套需求。

王國秋自信地說:“湖南工程機械液壓傳感器的年需求為60萬支,公司的流水線設備達產后年產能200萬支,完全可以實現本地配套?!?/p>

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圖為《核心技術是怎樣煉成的》節目錄制現場

啟泰公司的核心技術目前已經實現了產業化,但是如何更好地開拓市場仍然是擺在王國秋面前的一大關鍵問題。

王國秋發現,雖然一方面我們經常呼喚要擁有自己的核心技術,但是另一方面自主創新的核心技術出來以后,國內的使用者對這些核心技術還是不太認可。如何讓市場更快地接受這些自主創新的核心技術?王國秋一直在不斷摸索,湖南、長沙各級政府部門的主動作為,也讓他深受感動。王國秋說,在省委常委、長沙市委書記胡衡華的直接關心下,長沙市工信局為啟泰公司引導上下游企業對接,引導主機配件廠相互同步發展,做了大量細致的工作。

對于企業如何參與國際競爭的問題,王國秋有自己的一套打算。他打了一個很形象的比方,現在國際市場主要是美國、德國、日本、英國、瑞士這幾家給瓜分了,別人守在戰略高地,你要去和別人競爭,那么就一定要有創新思維。啟泰提出的口號就是:提質競爭!在質量更好的前提下,價格還做到更優。讓消費者自覺地、從內心真正接受這些產品,這樣的產業才算成功了。

公司發展藍圖

第一步:把壓敏芯片做精,實現提質發展;

第二步:爭取2023年前后在科創版上市,同時把傳感器的品種范圍擴充到溫度傳感器、濕度傳感器、位移傳感器、角度傳感器等,力爭成為中國智能化領域一張亮麗的名片。

近年來,長沙大力推動制造業高質量發展,圍繞“三智一芯”緊抓項目的引進和落地。尤其是芯片,作為關鍵核心技術,被譽為一個國家的“工業糧食”。雖然長沙芯片產業起步較晚,但依靠自主研發,長沙制造的芯片領域相關產品正不斷突破,填補國內空白。近年來,長沙在芯片設計、制造、封測等多個領域全面布局,形成了產業集聚區。今年,總投資10億元的長沙比亞迪半導體新能源汽車項目在長沙經開區啟動,將建設成年產25萬片8英寸新能源汽車電子芯片生產線,有效解決新能源汽車電子核心功率器件“卡脖子”問題。

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圖為半導體新能源電動汽車示意圖

數據顯示,今年上半年,長沙新一代半導體及集成電路產業鏈規模以上企業產值同比增長21%,部分企業如:長城銀河、囯科微等,同比增長均超過190%。

作為親自經歷并見證了長沙制造業飛速發展的企業家,王國秋和他的團隊始終在核心技術自主創新的道路上堅定不移地奮勇前行。

這是一個偉大的時代,這是每一個奮斗者都能夠夢想成真的時代。

未來已來,星辰大海,追夢者的腳步永不停歇。

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策劃丨潘開政

撰稿丨曾立琛 劉 哲

制作丨陳梓欣 曹 芹

編輯丨黃 軼 肖 斌

編審丨鮑新文 雷艷飛

出品丨曾 雄

以上圖片來自長沙廣電新聞中心、新湖南、湖南啟泰傳感科技有限公司

原文鏈接:https://h5.zhcs.csbtv.com/#/newsDetails?newsId=755024796953219072

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